Health and safety at work act (HASAWA) 1974 – The act covers all employment activities, apart from private domestic workers.
Consequently when the act came into force some years ago, it brought for the first time 12 million people under the protection of H&S legislation.
HASAWA applies to employers, self-employed persons, sub-contractors, visitors to places of employment, members of the public affected by the employers activities, designers, suppliers, importers, employees, directors and managers. HASAWA 1974 places general duties on employers to:
- Provide and Maintain plant and systems of work that are safe and without risk to health
- Make arrangements to ensure that articles and substances can be used, handled, stored and transported safely
- Provide information, instruction, training and supervision, to ensure the health safety and welfare of employees.
- Maintain the place of work in a safe condition and without risk to health, and to ensure that means of access and
- egress to and from a place of work are provided and
- maintained in a safe condition.
- Provide and maintain a safe and healthy environment and provide adequate welfare facilities
In order to manage H&S successfully, employers must be able to plan, organise, control, monitor and review the management arrangements. Furthermore, when deciding control measures and developing arrangements, employers must have access to competent advice.
With the creation of the Health and safety at work act (HASAWA) 1974 came an obligation to manage the risks that organisations create. A cornerstone of this was seen to be the establishment of an active Health and safety policy.
The Health and safety policy is seen as central to Health and safety management as it shows the intention and commitment of employers to managing their Health and safety activities.
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